El Ejido in the 80s

This coming Tuesday, 11 September 2012, is likely to be celebrated as a local bank holiday in El Ejido.

It is the 30th anniversary of El Ejido becoming independent from Dalías.

The photo above is from the Ideal site and is from the article here published in 2008 about the 26th anniversary.

Read More for a Google translation of the article.

The municipality turns 26 in a second consolidated provincial

El Ejido has quintupled its population since independizase, from 29,600 inhabitants at the time of their separation to the current 83,000.

Agricultural development in the past decades and, more recently, the service sector have made the podium in El Ejido municipalities and most promising emerging within the province of Almeria, second only to the capital.

Against this background, El Ejido can boast today in celebration of the City Day, when we commemorate his creation, after the neighboring Dalías segregated. The year was 1982 and lived with tense moments until then capital of the municipality. Fortunately, 26 years after achieving that independence Dalías El Ejido and no longer look askance and walk together for development of the region.

However, in the early 80's, and the core ejidense Dalías far exceeded in population. Thus, 4000 was about Dalías neighbors while El Ejido, to January 1, 1981, it had 29,000 inhabitants. Thus, in the '80s, the town began to take shape we know today, all thanks to major socio-economic transformations that lead to replace the traditional culture of the vine by the low plastic. From that moment, the economic takeoff of El Ejido would be unstoppable and therefore also intensify the arrival of immigrants, first from nearby Andalusian provinces and later abroad.

Still, the population dynamics of the time (with annual growth of over 4%) also was derived from a high birth rate and a significant decrease in mortality. In fact, even now the Hospital de Poniente is one of the country's health centers where most deliveries take a year and life expectancy of El Ejido is the highest of all Andalusia.

And although the onset of economic development based on agriculture, it occurred in the '80s, the truth is that it was in the early years of this century in which El Ejido experienced the largest population explosion in the last hundred years. Thus, until 2006 the town experiment in just six years the largest absolute and relative increase of population.

Currently, the town is home to 83,000 residents and over 90 nationalities, but the City Council estimates speak of reaching 131,000 inhabitants in 2020.

Citizens are the gears of the machine that has allowed people to pass Ejido town. With their involvement and collaboration not only favored agricultural development but also placed the city in the spotlight in the cultural field. The best example of the cultural program is ejidense Theater Festival, which has already exceeded its thirty-first edition and released a copy theater auditorium building.

Still, El Ejido has continued making hole in the music scene and has held for two years the Natural Music (with groups from the likes of Placebo, Iggy Pop or Guns and Roses), was released this year with the two festivals Ola! and Creamfields (with names such as Massive Attack, Quemical Brothers and Björk) and there was history with the iconic Rolling Stones concert in 2007.

During these 26 years of independence, the city has gained in the process of communication with the construction of the Mediterranean motorway, the conversion of the N-340 in Boulevard or the recent opening of South Road, has improved its infrastructure with important basic works sewer or lighting that have been all population centers, doctors' offices have been set up in every neighborhood and schools continue to rise, along with improving the various services provided to elderly or disabled persons.

Still, El Ejido is remains a challenge for the coming years as the opening of the first shopping center in the English Court in the province or the tallest tower in Andalusia. In any case, the recent approval of the Plan for Regional Development of Western Almería (POTPA) and the General Urban Plan (Plan) presented an optimistic picture ensuring industrial development in the Avenida de la Costa, which will house a polygon industrial-and residential construction and hotels in San Miguel Bay.

Making History

To realize the potential enough that many knew locate on a map the town came together much effort.

The municipality ejidense almost born from the hand of democracy because although its independence was not really official until its publication in the Official State Gazette (BOE) on September 11, 1982, the fact is that the first steps began to see something before . On August 2, 1979, the municipal corporation convened a plenary meeting to discuss, among other matters, the capital of the municipality. The session never could place as many neighbors gathered in the square and blocked the entrance to the Town Hall to councilors. Two days later, most of these elected officials gathered at the municipal office of El Ejido and agreed to begin the file to change the capital.

However, it was not until the September 11, 1982 to see the official publication in the BOE.